If you are looking for a waterproof basement floor, it is essential to install sump pumps to prevent basement flooding.
A sump pump is a useful device to push water out of a crawl space or basement area. A sump pump is dedicatedly designed to prevent the water from entering.
Sump pumps are typically installed in areas where groundwater enters the structure. They are usually connected to a drainage system that directs excess water away from home.
This guide will discuss how to install your sump pump and what type of pump would suit your needs.
How to Install a Sump Pump?
Here are the detailed steps for installing your own sump pump:
Decide On The Location.
Choosing a comfortable spot to punch a hole through the rim joist to get outside is essential. You must ensure that the sump pump installation is 8″ away from the foundation wall so there will not be no-hit to footings.
Check for the building codes to understand the waterlines under the home. It is to avoid cutting into the waterline. Always leave a 3-4″ gap around the sump pump liner so that you can easily fit the pump. To being with, you need to set up the sump basin upside down. You dig the basin into the basement floor and then keep the sump inside.
Digging Down the Sump
You can take the help of an electric jackhammer to cut the concrete floor in your basement. You can also choose a rigged hammer drill, , a good sledgehammer, a masonry bit and a masonry chisel.
Drilling the Holes
Make holes using the drill, hammer, and chisel to crack the concrete floor. The presence of reinforcing steel mesh requires a metal grinder or heavy wire cutter to get through.
The sump pit hole should be 12″ more profound than the sump liner. Always place some coarse gravel towards the bottom of the sump hole. This gravel helps with good drainage and also helps the water to move into the sump.
For sandy and wet soil, it becomes difficult to dig the sump. Hence it would help if you waited for the soil to turn dry. It would help if you dug faster than the water enters. Depending on the liner, you should drill several holes in the sump pump so that water can enter and the pump can throw it out of the basement.
The gravel should be more significant than the drilled holes so that the gravel will not come through.
Placing the Gravel
Now place the gravel around the sump liner up to 6″ below the floor level. Pour a 6″ layer of concrete over the gravel to edge the sump liner.
Through the home’s rim joist, Assemble the PVC pipe to connect the sump pump outlet. While discharge piping assembly, avoid moisture in the section during the gluing time. Always work in a well-ventilated place to avoid harmful fumes exposure.
You need a 90 or 45-degree PVC elbow to glue to the short pipe to route the discharge piping towards the basement foundation wall.
Put your pump within the liner and then attach the final section of the discharge pipe. Now plug in the pump. You may require to drill numerous holes in the liner for water seepage. But these holes would be smaller than gravels, so the gravels will enter the liner.
Setting the Float Position.
The pump float must be unobstructed as it is crucial to indicate when to start pumping out the water for a pump. As the float rises and falls with the water level, the activation and deactivation of the pump depend on that.
Ensure the float is not stuck between the pump liner and pump. Hence, center the pump in the pump liner carefully. The float rises once the water level rises and the pump turns on.
Checking the Valve
The function of the check valve is to expel the left-out water in the tube once the pump shuts. It safeguards the motor from burnout and involves many cycles of on/off. The direction arrows on hose clamps and couplings help correct the valve’s fixing. After fixing it on a riser, use a screwdriver to tighten it.
Test the Pump
After installation, it is crucial to test the pump’s working and fix the flaws (if any). To test the rig, fill the bucket. You can also use a garden hose to fill the water. Check for the piping leaks. Ensure that the pump throws the water out of the basement as planned.
Also, check if the valve is functioning well or not. It will help if you run your pump plug in a GFCI-protected receptacle.
How to Install a Battery Operated Back-Up Sump Pump?
As we know that a battery-operated Backup Sump Pump is the best for the areas with frequent Power outrage, many homeowners prefer to install these sump pump to provide extra safety cover to their flood-prone basement.
- Remove the old sump pump by unplugging and disconnecting it from the power plug.
- Apply the Teflon tape on the check valve threads to tighten it into the new sump pump side valve.
- You need to wrap this Teflon tape on the battery-powered pump threads to tighten the battery-powered pump onto the check valve.
- Now, set both the sump pumps into the pit.
- To form a discharge pipe, you need a 1 ½ inch diameter PVC pipe. Connect this new discharge pipe with the existing discharge pipe to glue it together.
- Now, set the marine battery into a plastic box to safeguard it from moisture. Set it at the nearby location on an elevated shelf.
- Establish a low-voltage cable connection between the backup pump and battery.
- Now plug the battery charger into an electrical outlet along with the power cord of the primary sump pump.
- Test the operation by lifting the flow valve for the primary pump if it starts. In order to test the battery-powered backup pump, repeat the process.
While many homeowners think that simply running the drain line from the sump pump to the municipal storm drain will work, as the locales are reluctant to this idea, you must check with your local municipal about which drainage options are permissible legally.
How to Install the Smart Sump Pump?
As we know, the Smart Sump Pump comes with a Wi-fi alarm that alerts homeowners even when they are away from home, state, or even country. The basic installation for a primary sump pump or as a battery sump pump will remain the same as explained above. The only differential is the additional Wi-fi alarm device that connects to the Wi-fi system.
It would help if you switched on the power after installing the innovative sump pump like another regular sump pump.
Check for the wi-fi connection to set up the Sump Alarm Unit. Both the sump pump and device (mobile or laptop) should be on the same Wi-fi network while installation.
- Click on the network SumpAlarmXXXX and connect to this network.
- A box will appear as ‘Authentication Required’, and enter the Username and Password.
- Once you see the white and red screen from the sump alarm, click on the ‘ Join a Wi-fi Network.’
- Once you click on SCAN, it will flash all the active networks, including the one you wish to connect with.
- Select the relevant network on which the device (mobile or laptop) is also connected to connect the sump alarm and click on OK.
How to Install Crawl Space Sump Pumps and Exterior Sump Pits?
Installing a crawl space sump pump requires some different methods. You should consider easy access while placing the basin, a ready power source, a proper drainage plan, and a proper basement installation.
Installing the sump basin and discharge system is similar to sump pumps. However, pea gravel is added instead of concrete up to the basin lip while finishing the basin’s hole to ensure proper drainage.
How to Install Exterior Sump Pump?
The exterior sump pump works the same as the interior, but they resolve the exterior drainage issues. They work the same as the internal pump and are often installed in lawns and spaces. They help redirect water from your house to protect its foundation.
You should seek professional help digging inlet lines as the external pumps need to serve the larger areas.
Various catch basins are located at different points to draw the water to the sump pit. Then sump pits are connected to the drains in the street gutters.
Sump pumps are one of the essential pieces of equipment in a house. They help in keeping the basement clean and safe. If you have a basement, get a good quality sump pump installed. You can also seek professional help if you are not a DIY enthusiast.